A stem cell is a cell that has two important characteristics: the ability to reproduce or regenerate itself and to differentiate or transform into different types of cells in the body. Depending on the type of stem cell that can be an embryonic stem cell, that is, become all cells of the body, or adult stem cells that become a specific class of cells such as blood, heart, nerve and cartilage cells; These cells divide. Stem cells are present in various tissues of the body and are effective in repairing body tissues following injury and can replace damaged cells in damaged tissues where most of their cells have been destroyed and help repair and repair defects in that tissue. To.
Given that the dominant cell in cord blood is the hematopoietic stem cell; At present, diseases of blood origin such as leukemia, leukemia, thalassemia, congenital anemia and some diseases of the immune system can be treated with these cells. Given that clinical trials are currently underway in neurological patients such as cerebral palsy or CP and autism, hopes for the use of these cells in other diseases have also increased